Managerial Finance

Please read the following carefully before start your assignment:

  1. Each question is worth 10 points.

 

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  1. The purpose of the assignment is to help you get familiar with key concepts of finance and to guide you to read the textbook before coming to class.
    1. The assignment asks you to “use your own words”—you need to read the textbook, UNDERSTAND the concepts, and use your own words to answer questions.
    2. Please make sure you read the textbook—your answers should be based on the textbook, not other online sources.
  • TurnItIn will detect similarity, you will receive a grade of zero if your answer has high similarity to previous TWU answers or other online sources.
  1. It is possible you receive a high similarity number: I will ignore the similarity in the “question” part and only look at your answers.

 

  1. Please write all your answers after Type your answers below:, Please do not change the format of this assignment.

 

  1. Absolutely NO late submission will be accepted.

 

  1. Submit on Moodle “Pre-class Assignment”.

Name your submission as A1_LastName_FirstName (e.g. A1_Liu_Chen)

Your assignment grade will be deducted by 10% with a wrong file name.

 

 

 

 

 

This is the opportunity for me to know more about you

  1. Tell me more about yourself. Your past academic and work experience, if any. Your career goal and how do you think this course and MYSELF could help you in achieving that. Please tell me one thing that you really want to learn from this class.

Chen’s note: This question will be NOT be graded based on any professional knowledge–there is no right or wrong answer. When I grade this question, I will consider how much thought you have put in answering the question, whether your answer is genuine and sincere.

Type your answers below:

 

 

 

Read Chapter 1 of the textbook and use your own words to answer the following questions.

  1. Use your own words to explain the following items of the balance sheet.
  • Account receivables
  • Inventory
  • Current assets

Type your answers below:

 

 

  1. Use your own words to explain the following items of the balance sheet.
  • Net property, plant, and equipment
  • Good will
  • Total assets

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  1. Use your own words to explain the following items of the balance sheet.
  • Account payables
  • Current liabilities
  • Total liabilities and its difference from total debt
  • Shareholders’ equity

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  1. Use your own words to explain the following items on income statement.
  • Costs of goods sold (COGS)
  • Selling, general, and administrative expenses (SG&A)
  • Depreciation
  • Interest expense

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  1. Use your own words to explain the following items on income statement.
  • EBITDA
  • EBIT (also referred to as operating income)
  • What are the differences between EBIT and EBITDA? Which one is better?

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  1. Use your own words to explain the following items on income statement.
  • Net income
  • Earnings per share
  • Retained earnings

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  1. Use your own words to explain the following items on cash flow statement.
  • Cash provided by operating activities
  • Cash used by investing activities
  • Cash provided by financing activities

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  1. In Chapter 1 Figure 1.1, the textbook discusses the following two basic principles. Use your own words to explain them:
  • Financial statements are an important window on reality.
  • Profits do not equal cash flow.

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Read Chapter 2 of the textbook and use your own words to answer the following questions.

  1. Write the formula for the following ratios and what each ratio measures:
  • Return on equity (ROE)
  • Return on assets (ROA)

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  1. Write the formula for the following ratios and what each ratio measures:
  • Gross profit
  • Gross margin
  • Profit margin (also called the “net profit margin”)

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  1. Write the formula for the following ratios and what each ratio measures:
  • Asset turnover
  • Fixed-Asset Turnover
  • Inventory Turnover
  • Inventory Period (also called “days inventory outstanding”)

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  1. Write the formula for the following ratios and what each ratio measures:
  • Collection Period (also called “account receivable period”)
  • Payables Period (also called “account payable period”)
  • Operating Cycle
  • Cash Conversion Cycle

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  1. Write the formula for the following ratios and what each ratio measures:
  • Financial Leverage (also called “equity multiplier”)
  • Debt-to-assets ratio
  • Debt-to-equityratio
  • Times interest earned

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  1. Write the formula for the following ratios and what each ratio measures:
  • Current ratio
  • Quick ratio (also called “acid rest”)

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  1. Use your own words to answer the following questions:
  • Write the formula for the P/E ratio and what it measures?
  • Should you invest in a company with high P/E or low P/E?

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Read Chapter 4 of the textbook and use your own words to answer the following questions.

  1. A company has a gross profit margin of 50%, net profit margin of 10%, dividend payout ratio of 40%, asset turnover of 0.8, financial leverage of 2.5. What is the company’s sustainable growth rate?

Type your answers below:

 

 

Read Chapter 5 of the textbook and use your own words to answer the following questions.

  1. Use your own words to explain the following regarding bond:
  • Corporate bond
  • Secured creditors
  • Bond credit rating
  • Junk bond

Type your answers below:

 

 

  1. Use your own words to explain the following regarding equity:
  • Common stock
  • Preferred stock
  • The difference between common stock and preferred stock

Type your answers below:

 

 

  1. Use your own words to explain the following regarding financial markets:
  • Venture capital
  • Private equity
  • Initial Public Offering (IPO)

Type your answers below:

 

 

 

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